Robert Aitken “Bob” Rushworth (October 9, 1924 – March 18, 1993) was an American United States Air Force major general, World War II, Korean War and Vietnam War pilot, mechanical and aeronautical engineer, test pilot and Astronaut. He was...Read More
Frank Kendall Everest, Jr
Everest was born on August 9, 1920, in Fairmont, West Virginia. After he graduated from Fairmont Senior High School in 1938, he attended Fairmont State College for one year. He later studied engineering at West Virginia University to prepare himself for a flying career. He graduated from the Armed Forces Staff College, Norfolk, Virginia, in 1956.
He entered United States Army Air Forces aviation cadet pilot training on November 11, 1941, graduated, and received a commission on July 3, 1942. Among his classmates in Class 42-F was future ETO ace, Robert S. Johnson. After Curtiss P-40 aircraft training, he was sent to North Africa and flew 94 combat missions in Africa, Sicily, and Italy with the 314th Fighter Squadron, 324th Fighter Group. During that tour of duty, he shot down two German Ju 52 transports on April 18, 1943, and damaged another.
In May 1944 he was assigned to a fighter squadron at Venice, Florida as an instructor. He asked for combat duty again and was assigned to the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations. There he was assigned to command the 17th Provisional Fighter Squadron, 5th Provisional Fighter Group of the Chinese-American Composite Wing at Chinkiang, China. This wing consisted of both USAAF and Republic of China pilots flying in mixed elements. He completed 67 combat missions before his plane was shot down by ground fire in May 1945. He was captured and tortured as a Japanese prisoner of war before being repatriated at the end of hostilities.
Following a rest leave, he was assigned in February 1946 to the Flight Test Division at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio as a test pilot. Graduating from Air Materiel Command Flight Performance School with the Class 46D, he took part in many experimental tests of the Bell X-1 and established an unofficial world altitude record of 73,000 feet.
In September 1951 he was transferred to the Air Force Flight Test Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and became the chief Air Force test pilot as head of the Flight Test Operations Division. During his stay at Edwards, Everest tested the X-1, 2, 3, 4, and 5; XF-92 and YB-52. He also took part in test programs for the F-88, 100, 101, 102, 104, and 105; the B-52, B-57 and 66 aircraft. On October 29, 1953, he established a world speed record of 755.149 mph in an F-100A.
Everest test-flew the Bell X-1B to a speed of Mach 2.3 (2.3 times the speed of sound) in December 1954, making him the second-fastest man in the world, Later flights in the Bell X-2 rocket plane established him as “the fastest man alive” when he attained a new unofficial speed record of 1,957 mph or Mach 2.9.
He was transferred to Hahn Air Base, Germany, in March 1957, as commander of the 461st Fighter Squadron of the 36th Fighter Wing. He was assigned to North Africa in July 1958 as a group commander and later became deputy for operations at Wheelus Air Base, Libya. He became director of operations, 401st Tactical Fighter Wing, England Air Force Base, Louisiana, in January 1961, upon returning to the United States.
Everest next commanded the 4453d Combat Crew Training Wing at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, and in June 1964 he transferred with the wing to Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona In May 1965 he was transferred to Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, to become commander of the 4520th Combat Crew Training Wing.
In June 1966 Everest became director of aerospace safety in the Office of the Deputy Inspector for Inspection and Safety, Norton Air Force Base, California. He was transferred to the Pentagon in January 1969 as assistant director (Operational Test and Evaluation), Office of the Director of Defense Research and Engineering.
During the period January 1966 to September 1972, he regularly deployed to Southeast Asia where he flew 32 total combat missions in F-4 Phantom, A-1 Skyraider, F-100 Super Sabre, C-130 Hercules, C-141 Starlifter, and HC-130 Hercules aircraft.
Everest assumed command of Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service, of the Military Airlift Command, at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, in April 1970.
He was promoted to the temporary grade of brigadier general effective November 1, 1965, with the date of rank October 29, 1965. He retired from the Air Force on March 1, 1973.
He is a command pilot with more than 9,000 flying hours and a graduate of the U.S. Army Parachutists School at Fort Benning, Georgia.
In addition to these and other military honors, General Everest has been recognized repeatedly for his contributions to aerospace progress. He was chosen as one of 1955s “Ten Outstanding Young Men” by the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce. In 1956 the U.S. Chamber of Commerce named him one of the nation’s “Greatest Living Americans.” A year later he was awarded both the Harmon Trophy and the Octave Chanute Award.
In 1988, he won the Godfrey L. Cabot Award. He was inducted into the Aerospace Walk of Honor in 1991. In 2009, Everest received the USAF Test Pilot School’s Distinguished Alumnus Award from Class 08B. This award is presented bi-annually to a USAF TPS graduate who has made significant and lasting contributions to aviation science and the flight test community. In 1989, Gen Everest was enshrined in the National Aviation Hall of Fame for his work as a test pilot and record-setter in the 1950s.
General Everest’s service-wide nickname was “Pete”.
[Frank Everest was a] United States Air Force General. Known as “The Fastest Man Alive.”, he was the Chief Test Pilot of the United States Air Force. Born in Fairmont, West Virginia, he gained prominence during World War II as an Ace, flying 96 combat missions over Africa, Sicily, and Italy, where he shot down two German aircraft and damaged a third.
[“Pete Everest] Then switched to strafing and bombing Japanese-held targets over China. When his P-51 Mustang was crippled by ground fire in 1945 he bailed out deep behind Japanese lines where he was captured and held prisoner until the war’s end. On October 29, 1953, he set a speed record of 755.149 mph for low-altitude flying as he skimmed the eastern shore of the Salton Sea in his F-100 at an altitude of about 75 feet.
Previously, in August of 1949, he flew a Bell X-1 experimental rocket plane to an unofficial height of 73,000 feet over the Mojave Desert, breaking the record. Later, in 1956, he flew the X-1B to Mach 2.3, and the X-2 to record Mach 2.9. That flight earned him the title of “Fastest Man Alive.” During his 10 years as a test pilot, Everest checked out 122 aircraft, including fighters, bombers, and cargo planes.
[Everest] Retired from the Air Force as a Brigadier General in 1973 as Commander of Air Rescue and Recovery Service with over 9,000 flying hours. [He was] Inducted into the Aviation Hall of Fame in 1989 and was a member of the Arizona Aviation Hall of Fame’s 1997 class, which also included Senator John McCain, a former Navy pilot.
General Everest was recognized repeatedly for his contributions to aerospace progress; chosen as one of 1955’s “Ten Outstanding Young Men” by the United States Junior Chamber of Commerce; in 1956 the United States Chamber of Commerce named him one of the nation’s “Greatest Living Americans.”
A year later he was awarded both the Harmon Trophy and the Octave Chanute Trophy. His military decorations included Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, Distinguished Flying Cross with two oak leaf clusters, Air Medal with seven oak leaf clusters, Air Force Commendation Medal with oak leaf cluster, and a Purple Heart. [He] Died at his home in Tuscon, Arizona.
Bio by: Fred Beisser (with edits by MB)
- 1956 Graduated, Armed Forces Staff College, Norfolk, VA
- 11/11/1941-7/3/1942 Cadet pilot training, received a commission (P-40)
- 314th Fighter Squadron/324th Fighter Group, North Africa (P-40- down two German Ju 52 transports on April 18, 1943, and damaged another)
- 5/1944 Instructor Pilot, Venice, FL
- 17th Provisional Fighter Squadron/5th Provisional Fighter Group of the Chinese-American Composite Wing, China-Burma-India Theater of Operations, Chinkiang, China. (67 combat missions)
- 5/1945 Shot down by ground fire, captured and tortured as a Japanese prisoner of war before being repatriated at the end of hostilities.
- 2/1946 Test Pilot, Flight Test Division at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio as a
- 1946 Air Materiel Command Flight Performance School (took part in many experimental tests of the Bell X-1 and established an unofficial world altitude record of 73,000 feet)
- 9/1951 Chief Air Force Test Pilot, Heade of Flight Test Operations, Air Force Flight Test Center, Edwards AFB, CA (X-1, 2, 3, 4 and 5; XF-92 and YB-52. He also took part in test programs for the F-88, 100, 101, 102, 104 and 105; the B-52, B-57 and 66 aircraft)
- 10/29/1953 Established a world speed record of 755.149 mph in an F-100A.
- 12/1954 Test-flew Bell X-1B to a speed of Mach 2.3 (2.3 times the speed of sound), making him the second-fastest man in the world, Later flights in the Bell X-2 rocket plane established him as “the fastest man alive” when he attained a new unofficial speed record of 1,957 mph or Mach 2.9.
- 3/1957 461st Fighter Squadron/36th Fighter Wing, Commander, Hahn AB Germany
- 7/1958 Group commander, North Africa in July 1958
- Deputy for operations at Wheelus AB, Libya
- 1/1961 401st Tactical Fighter Wing, director of operations, England AFB, LA
- 4453d Combat Crew Training Wing, MacDill AFB, FL
- 6/1964 4453d Combat Crew Training Wing, Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ
- 5/1965 4520th Combat Crew Training Wing, commander, Nellis AFB, NV
- 6/1966 Director of aerospace safety in the Office of the Deputy Inspector for Inspection and Safety, Norton AFB, CA
- 1/1969 Assistant director (Operational Test and Evaluation), Office of the Director of Defense Research and Engineering, Pentagon
- 1/1966-9/1972 Deployed to Southeast Asia (32 total combat missions – F-4, A-1, F-100, C-130, C-141, HC-130 )
- 4/1970 Command of Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service, of the Military Airlift Command, at Scott AFB, IL
- 3/1/1973 Retired USAF
Awards & Decorations
Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters
Air Medal with 1 Silver/ 2 Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters
Air Force Commendation Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster
Air Force Presidential Unit Citation with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Prisoner of War Medal
American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Easter Campaign Medal with 4 Bronze Service Stars
WWII Victory Medal
National Defense Service Medal with Service Star
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
Vietnam Service Medal
Air Force Longevity Service Medal with 1 Silver/2 Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters
Vietnam Campaign Medal
Small Arms Marksmanship Award
Command Pilot Badge
Chinese Aviation Award
1955 US Jr Chamber of Commerce, “Ten Outstanding Young Men” Award
1956 Chamber of Commerce “Greatest Living Americans” Award
1957 Harmon Trophy
1957 Octave Chanute Award
1988 Godfrey L. Cabot Award
1989 Inducted Aerospace Walk of Honor
1989 Enshrined in National Aviation Hall of Fame
2009 USAF Test Pilot School’s Distinguished Alumnus Award from Class 08B
X-1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Command pilot with more than 9,000+ flying hours
Military & Civilian Education
- 1956 Armed Forces Staff College
- 1946 Air Materiel Command Flight Performance School
- 1938 Fairmont Senior High School
- Fairmont State College – 1 year
- Engineering, West Virginia University