26 June 1969 – Capt John Casper was serving with the 413th TFS out of Phan Rang AB, Vietnam. On a mission to detect VietCong...Read More
John W. Harrison
In early 1966 I was assigned to the 1st Infantry Division, Phouc Vinh South Vietnam, as a FAC. Flying the 0-1 Bird Dog and directing airstrikes proved to be more fun and challenging than I had anticipated. I flew almost daily. The average mission was about four hours and after six months I had amassed over 600 hours in the little bird. Upon returning from a late afternoon mission, I stopped by the division headquarters bar for a cold, tall Crown Royal and soda.
As I sipped my second swallow, a frantic young army enlisted man burst into the bar and ran to my table. “Captain Harrison, Captain Harrison, you’ve got to help! We had a helicopter with five people crash just short of the base. Please help us find them” he said excitedly. I poised for a moment. We were not allowed to fly at night or in weather. Many of the instrument “night lights” were inoperative and not maintained. Furthermore, the attitude indicator precessed excessively and we had no landing lights.
I would not be able to advise anyone about my decision! I paused for a moment but decided to give it a shot. It just might save five of my brothers in uniform from almost certain death! I jumped in my jeep and hurried down to the flight line. It was almost dark. Luckily, the maintenance crew was just buttoning up my bird. No rockets but a full load of fuel. One had a flashlight in hand which I grabbed and jumped in the bird, fired up, and took off! About five minutes east of the base I came upon a circling helicopter and a Gooney Bird dropping flares.
I immediately asked who is in charge? No one responded, so I said, “This is Sidewinder 13, I am in charge!”
Since there were no objections I preceded to give orders. I told the flare ship to stop dropping the flares. The terrain was a heavily forested tree cover below us, and no one could readily see a flashlight. The flares and resulting smoke haze only exasperated the problem. I then asked the Chopper pilot where the missing aircraft was coming from. He gave me the name of a location I had never heard of so I asked if he knew the reciprocal heading. He said 040 so I instructed him to accompany me as we weaved back and forth over the most likely course that we thought the chopper had taken. I instructed the C-47 to fly in a zigzag course further south.
After about an hour and a half, I miraculously spotted a faint glimmer of light! It was about four or five miles north of where we had originally been searching and was only visible for a split second at a certain angle. The chopper pilot confirmed. I directed the Gooney Bird to drop a flare over this area so we could see the treetop configuration. We needed a distinctive landmark. There was nothing that really stood out in the area but a rather unusual treetop formation was helpful. Everyone agreed we could possibly find it again. If the flashlight burned out we would only have that image to orbit. I asked the C-47 if they had any packages of dye they could use to mark the tree canopies but they said no.
I then instructed the Gooney Bird to take a Tacan bearing and distance from Bien Hoa. Next, I called Bien Hoa rescue and requested a chopper be deployed, explaining we had a flashlight apparently from a survivor in a downed helicopter with five persons on board. I then gave him the approximate location. His was response was, “Are there any friendly’s on the ground?” I said, “yes we have five.” He asked, “Is the area secured?” I said, “I am circling at 100 feet above the trees and no one is shooting at me.” He repeated, “Do we have friendly’s securing the area on the ground? I said, “I am not asking you to land. I want you to lower a jungle penetrator with a flashlight and a radio attached down through the trees, and see if they speak English!” His response was, “ We cannot come if the area is not secured!” I sarcastically asked, “Do you know we are at war?” He repeated that he could not dispatch a rescue helicopter if the area was not secured. I spoke with the Army chopper and asked him to request a Chinook from the closest base.
I knew this would take some time and I was worried about the flashlight going out. Since I had no communication with the man holding the flashlight I could not tell him to save the battery until a rescue helicopter arrived. About 30 minutes later I was advised a chopper was en route but would not be there for 30 more minutes.
At my last fuel check, I had near half a tank remaining but now as I glanced down at my fuel…I had ⅛ of a tank. I was so engrossed with this tense operation I broke the cardinal rule “always check your fuel!” I had never flown with less than ⅛ of a tank and was not confident the fuel gauge was that accurate. I informed the participants that I was low on fuel and reluctantly had to I saw nothing but total blackness! I called the Army for a flare. I knew they were reluctant but I could not even contact them on the radio.
A cloud deck had come in at just 600 feet over the area. I can tell you this is an eerie feeling, tooling just under a 600 ft deck and not being able to see anything! I knew I had to try and make Bien Hoa. I turned to what I thought was a heading to Bien Hoa and climbed to 800 feet. The weather to the south was clear. I called Bien Hoa for a DF steer. They responded, ”DF inoperative”. I was pissed, so I called Saigon Tower for a DF steer. Their response: “Sorry Sidewinder, our DF equipment is inoperative.”
My fuel was now showing barely above empty and I could not see any lights. I maintained 800 feet altitude and headed for what I thought was Bien Hoa. Luckily at this point, I picked up the split beacon for the Bien Hoa tower on the nose. I called the tower declaring Emergency Fuel and my approximate position. As I neared the base they cleared me to land. At that same moment, the engine sputtered and quit! Damn, it was silent, only the wind at the side windows. I barely made the runway, landing at a 45-degree angle to the runway and rolled to a stop barely off the inside edge of the runway.
The tower instructed me to clear the runway for an F-100 scramble! I saw the two birds running for takeoff. Not knowing what else to do I quickly jumped out of the bird and ran to the rear and put my shoulder to the rudder and pushed the 0-1 off the runway as two F-100s came roaring by! It was frightening! I had never been that close to an F-100 in burner! I sat on the ground and caught my breath. Shortly thereafter a jeep came to pick me up and took me to base ops.
After a cold glass of water, I walked over to the Rescue Flight Operations Center. I was not in a good mood. I was met by a Major, the duty officer. I told him what had transpired and I could not believe that my request for rescue had been denied. He informed me that on the previous day they had lost a chopper and a crew during an attempted rescue, hence he was reluctant to dispatch his remaining assets for a night rescue that was not secured.
Though I saw his point and was somewhat appeased, I asked how he could justify refusing to fly a rescue mission as the war had not ceased. I noted that as a fighter pilot tasked to support ground forces, we never hesitated to respond and did our utmost to save those in need, even if we had lost a pilot the day before and the risks were high! Furthermore, I only asked that the crew hover and lower a penetrator with a flashlight and radio attached. If we could confirm friendly we could a rescue operation at daylight. I felt he should have launched and evaluated the situation upon arrival rather than deny my request. He did not respond. I walked over to a squadron sleeping quarter where I frequently found an empty bunk, removed my boots, and collapsed in an unoccupied bunk. Not a good day at Black Rock.
I awoke the next morning as bunkmates were rising for the day’s work. I borrowed a razor, shaved, and showered before calling my boss to tell him what had happened and where I was. He simply said, “Good, I want you to pick up a new bird and proceed to the army airfield near Nui Baden (I do not recall the name of the post ). They had a concrete runway and we could put in airstrikes in support of the Special Forces Camp on the Cambodian border. Jim told me to hustle; the FAC “ on station needed relief.” I quickly stopped by the PX bought a toothbrush, toothpaste, and two pair of shorts, and caught a ride to Base Ops.
As I took off I wondered if the downed chopper crew had been rescued. It has bothered me to this day. I feel someone would have thanked me if they were rescued…but that never happened. I assumed they were not. The army gave me an Army Commendation Medal for my six months service. A few days later I was transferred to the 90th TFS for checkout in the F-100. After a few missions, I was then transferred to the 531st as a flight commander for the remainder of my tour.
I enjoyed flying the Hun in combat and had a few rewarding and challenging missions at Bien Hoa, but none compared to numerous hair-raising stories that I had flown at Phouc Vinh, down among the spinach! I was very thankful that I had the opportunity to serve as a FAC with the Big Red One as well as fly the Hun in combat! The missions are still vivid in my mind and I recall the cool wind blowing in my face throughout the open windows of my little airplane! – Sidewinder13.
- 9/1955-11/1956 Pilot training Graham Air Base Fla, Greenville AFB, MI (T-34, T-28, T-33)
- 11/1956-4/1957 Luke AFB, AZ (F-84F)
- 4/1957-1/1960 356th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 352nd Tactical Fighter Squadron, Myrtle Beach AFB, SC (F-l00D)
- 1/1960-5/1960 Oushda Morocco Weapons Controller
- 5/1960- 6/1963 417th Tactical Fighter Squadron, Ramstein Germany (F-100D)
- 6/1963-2/1966 58th Tactical Fighter Wing, Luke AFB, AZ, Instructor (F-100D, F-104G)
- 2/1966-10/1966 1st Inf Division, Phouc Vinh Vietnam, Forward Air Controller (0-1)
- 11/1966-2/1967 531st Tactical Fighter Squadron, Bien Hoa Vietnam (F-l00D)
- 2/1967-5/1967 Fighter Weapons School, Nellis AFB, NV (F-100D)
- 5/1967-6/1968 58th Wing, Weapons Officer, Luke AFB, AZ (F-104G)
- 6/1968- 6/1969 Command Staff College
- 6/1969-6/1972 Wiesbaden Germany, Fighter Operations staff officer, HQ USAFE
- 6/1972 -7/1976 69th Tactical Training Squadron, Asst Operation/Squadron commander, Luke AFB, AZ
- 7/1976-6/1977, 314th Air Division, Operations Staff Officer
- 6/1977- 6/1980 9th AF HQ, Staff Officer, Shaw AFB, SC
- 6/1980-10/1985 832nd Air Division, Contract manager, Luke AFB, AZ (F-104)
- Lockheed Maintenance, Air Division Inspector General
Awards & Decorations
Legion of Merit
Distinguished Flying Cross with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters
Meritorious Service Medal with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters
Air Medal with 20 Oak Leaf Clusters
Army Commendation Medal
Distinguished Presidential Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Valor Device with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters
National Defense Service Medal
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster
Vietnam Service Medal with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters
Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm
Vietnam Campaign Medal
The Cross of Honor of the Federal Republic of German Armed Forces in Silver
Total Flight Hours: 4425
Military & Civilian Education
- Command and Staff
- BS, Architecture, Clemson University